More and more brands are getting in on the electric motorcycle action
 2021/08/10 | View:569

Electric motorbikes haven't taken off in the way electric cars have. Why? Because motorcyclists love the sound of a grunting, snarling petrol engine, and some of them see battery power as anaemic and soulless. Not only that, but the global market for large motorcycles is actually very small, making heavy investment in an all-new electric generation less worthwhile.

However, motorcycles will electrify, even if they are currently lagging behind cars. Urban clean-air zone restrictions are starting to loom large and although motorcycles aren't included in the 2030 internal-combustion car sales ban, they surely won't be far behind. So all of the big names in the industry (such as Honda, BMW, Ducati and Triumph) are working on battery bikes, and Harley-Davidson has already launched one.

Not only that, but the message that electric power can be fun is starting to get through. As with electric cars, the instant torque of an electric motor means rocket-like acceleration, with Harley's Livewire claiming 0-60mph in three seconds. There's already a wide variety of bikes on offer or on the way, from small 125cc-equivalents to high-tech sports bikes, street machines and cruisers – see our list of the best electric dirt bikes.

Fast charging options are rare (Zero, Harley-Davidson and Energica are the exceptions) so charging is slow by car standards. And look for a decent battery warranty – Zero's five-year cover is the industry leader. Electric bikes cost more than petrol ones upfront, but like electric cars, they're cheaper to run and need less maintenance. Many qualify for the government's Plug-in Grant, which knocks up to £1,500 off the price.

Triumph TE-1

Triumph TE-1 prototype – £TBA

Last year, we featured BMW's E-Power Roadster, which is still under development, and now Triumph has unveiled its own electric prototype. Like the BMW, it's some way off production, although Triumph promised that the first rideable prototypes would be running around in late 2021. The TE-1 is a collaborative project, led by Triumph with Williams Engineering developing the battery and ECU, while the University of Warwick takes care of simulation testing.

A drivetrain specialist has designed the motor and inverter. They claim the bike will “set new standards” for low weight, compact dimensions and range. Details are sparse, they we do know that the motor produces 180bhp but weighs only 10kg, while the battery management system and ECU are combined into a single unit, to save space. To find out whether any of the claims are borne out in practice, we'll have to wait a while yet, but at least we know something is going on at the Triumph factory.

Zero S

Zero S – from £12,745

Zero is the Tesla of motorcycles. Like Elon Musk's personal project, it's American, an electric-vehicle pioneer and has been going for quite a while now, starting off in 2006. And like Tesla, Zero has managed to steal a march on the mainstream rivals. The Californians offer a whole range of road, off-road and dual-purpose machines, even a touring version complete with full luggage!

Most are based around the same 14.4kWh battery and are equivalent to a 4-500cc petrol bike, but the S is the most practical with the longest range. Zero claims a range of 90 'highway' miles (i.e. at 70mph) and 180 miles in town, with faster charging and bigger battery options. Zeros are fun bikes to ride – they handle well with decent brakes and suspension, and can top 90mph, with 124mph from the more powerful SR/S. All qualify for the plug-in grant.

We bought a secondhand Zero DS in 2020 and can confirm that all those road-test superlatives are true – the instant torque gives and exhilarating ride, the bike handles well and certainly turns heads (everyone seems to know it's electric). Take it easy, and a range of 100-110 miles is realistic. 

Super Soco TC Max

Super Soco TC Max – from £4,249

Super Soco – isn't that a great name? – claims to be the top-selling electric motorcycle in the UK, and importer Vmoto is probably right. It's a neat little thing, originally launched as a moped (so restricted to 28mph) but with the 125cc-equivalent TC Max added in 2019.

This one can top 60mph and has enough oomph to cope with main roads out of town – claimed range is 60 miles if you stick to urban running, so long trips are out, but the Super Soco is as easy to ride as any electric scooter and its motorcycle style is a real bonus. Other nice touches are belt drive (for minimal maintenance), keyless ignition and anti-theft location alert. If you can cope with a 28mph top speed, the basic TC version costs just £2,449 after the grant.

Horwin CR6

Horwin CR6 – from around £4,992

Electric motorcycles, like electric cars, don't need a gearbox, but the Horwin CR6 Pro has one. Why? Because many motorcyclists just love the feel of changing gear, and the idea is that a geared electric bike could tempt more of them than a 'twist 'n go' automatic. The CR6 is another 125cc-equivalent, with an 11kW motor producing over 300Nm of torque, giving a top speed of 65mph and a 0-37mph time of six seconds.

The battery is a small 4kWh job, but the company still claims an 80-mile range in town. There's also a plain CR6 version with no gearbox, a milder 7.2kW motor, a top speed of 59mph and a claimed 93 miles of urban running. Both have lovely retro cafe racer styling and have just arrived in the UK. The CR6 costs £4,992 after the plug-in grant, but the Pro hasn't arrived yet.



Electric Classic Cars, of Newtown, mid-Wales, does good business converting classic four-wheelers of the ’50s, ’60s and ’70s to electric power. Porsche 911s, Land Rovers, Minis and Lancias, you name it… and there's a 12-month waiting list. The Photon is its first motorcycle, but rather than a conversion, it's brand new, based on the venerable Royal Enfield Bullet, which is still made in India, looking very like the 1950s original.

Out goes the 500cc single-cylinder engine, in goes a 10kWh battery pack, with electronics crammed into what used to be the Royal Enfield's fuel tank. Unusually, the motor is a hub unit mounted in the rear wheel, to allow more space for batteries, and is water-cooled. The Photon looks good and goes well, with a top speed of 70mph and a claimed range of around 80-100 miles. But Electric Classic Cars is so busy with car conversions that the whole project is on hold, but let's hope they find time to build some more.

LiveWire 2018

Harley-Davidson Livewire – from £28,995

Now here's an oddity. Harley-Davidson is renowned for its conservatism, but so far it's the only major brand that actually makes an electric motorcycle. Worlds away from the company's traditional V-twin cruisers, the Livewire has a muscular look to it, which suits the badge. It's not the fastest, most powerful e-motorcycle on sale, but it can manage 0-60mph in three seconds, so it’s quick.

Harley claims a 95-mile range with mixed riding, which road tests seem to back up, and the Livewire can use DC fast chargers, which will allow a 0-80% charge in 40 minutes – say half an hour for the typical 20-80% charge. Brakes and suspension are top-notch equipment from Showa and Brembo, while the Livewire connects to a smartphone to keep you updated charging, as well as providing tamper alerts and tracking.


eROCKIT – around £10,000

Is it a motorcycle? A bicycle? Well it has pedals, but make no mistake, the eROCKIT is a motorcycle through and through – it's fast, exhilarating and you need a motorcycle licence to ride one. Power comes in when you pedal, just like an electric bicycle, but with a 15kW peak, it has far more grunt than one of those – about 100 times more than you put in at the pedals.

The result takes some getting used to; push too hard from a standing start and the eROCKIT lurches forward, but once on the move, it's an incredible feeling, whipping along at up to 55mph on what still feels a bit like a bicycle. Fortunately, brakes, suspension and tyres are all motorcycle items, backed up by a substantial steel frame. The eROCKIT costs £10,000 in its native Germany, so if you ever wanted bionic legs, your steed awaits...


Energica Ego – from £17,690

The Energica, built in Italy's ‘motorsport valley’ of Modena, has its roots in racing and is the standard machine for the Moto-E race series. Designed from the ground up as an electric bike, it's based around a 21.5kWh battery (bigger than any other production electric bike) and is faster and more powerful than anything else currently available.

Energica claims a 150mph top speed from the 107kW oil-cooled three-phase motor, along with top-spec sports-bike brakes, suspension and steel trellis frame. Regenerative braking co-ordinates with the anti-lock system, and in a practical touch, Park Assist has the bike inch backwards at 1.7mph to get you out of tight spots. It's also the only electric motorcycle that comes with CCS DC charging, which the maker says gives an 80% charge in 20 minutes. Pictured here is the Eva, with a more upright riding position and no fairing, but the same tarmac-shredding power and torque.


Veitis – around £40,000

Don't be fooled by the V-twin look – the Veitis is a 100% electric motorcycle, cleverly styled to ape a typical petrol-powered Harley-Davidson lookalike. It's either ersatz or fun, depending on your viewpoint. The bike is the brainchild of Steve Smith, who skippers luxury yachts for a living, but got fed up with the messy business of draining the fuel from his petrol bike whenever he wanted to take it aboard.

The Veitis is proudly all-British, with a quality steel frame, 11.7kWh battery pack (which hides inside that fake V-twin and fuel tank) and an 11kW motor. That's enough for a 70mph top speed, claimed 100-mile range and recharging time of just under four hours. Like the BMW, the Veitis isn't in full production yet, but that should happen in 2020. Being ‘made in Britain’, it's not cheap, but could this be the ultimate gin-palace accessory?


Damon Hypersport – from $17,000

Damon Motorcycles, based in Vancouver, unveiled its Hypersport in 2019 with a compelling trio of claimed figures: 200bhp, a 200mph top speed and a range of 200 miles (mix of highway and urban riding). It bristles with high-tech equipment, such as 'shape-shifting' ergonomics and the ability to alert the rider to dangerous traffic situations.

CoPilot is an array of sensors mounted on the bike (a mix of radar and cameras) which can track the speed and direction of other road users – the rider is warned of potential danger through LED warning lights or vibrations through the bars. Shape-shifting ergonomics allow the rider to change the screen, seat, bars and footrest positions from sports bike to upright commuter at the touch of a button. The first batch of 25 Hypersports cost $40,000 each, while full production is expected to start in 2022, prices from $17,000 for the SE base model, which makes do with 100bhp, 120mph and a 108-mile range.

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    Jiangsu Lvneng Electrical Bicycle Technology Co., Ltd. is located in the Economic Development Zone of Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province. It was established on September 9, 1999.

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